A company’s website is the initial customer interaction point in the contemporary digital landscape. Consequently, a website’s visual attractiveness and user-friendliness have gained significant importance.
Nevertheless, the challenge arises due to the diverse web browsers accessible to users, making it essential to guarantee consistent appearance and functionality across all platforms and the real device cloud.
Cross-browser compatibility testing is the method employed to test a website across various browsers, ensuring its compatibility with each.
What do Cross-Platform and Cross-Browser compatibility entail?
Cross-browser and cross-platform compatibility serve as fundamental aspects of a user-centric digital experience. The goal is to make your website or application accessible and engaging for all users, regardless of their browser preference or device selection. As we navigate the intricacies of these compatibility realms, we will uncover strategies that bridge the gap and ensure a seamless journey for every user.
Common Challenges in Cross-Browser Compatibility to Avoid
To ensure a seamless cross-browser experience, it is crucial to be aware of prevalent cross-browser compatibility issues associated with development.
- Varied CSS Rendering: Different browsers interpret CSS rules differently, leading to inconsistencies in layout, unnecessary spaces, and front rendering. Developers can mitigate these glitches by relying on standard CSS compliance for consistent rendering.
- Touch and Gesture Issues: Mobile browsers handle touch and gesture events differently, impacting the usability of touch-friendly websites. Ensuring compatibility with various mobile browsers is vital for a consistent user experience.
- Browser-Specific Bugs: Some browsers may have inherent bugs that can cause significant issues. Addressing and removing these bugs is essential to maintaining the best user experience and preventing potential faults in the future.
What is a Real Device Cloud?
A real device cloud refers to a mobile testing environment that provides a versatile array of actual Android and iOS devices, encompassing various combinations of OS versions, screen sizes, RAM, and other specifications. Mobile developers and testers can conveniently access these devices via the internet, conducting manual or automated tests using their preferred frameworks. Examples include Calabash or Appium for cross-platform testing, Espresso for Android UI testing, or XCTest/XCUITest for iOS UI testing.
Utilizing a real device cloud enables teams to streamline their testing processes, ensuring thorough scrutiny of code and products. This approach contributes to the delivery of high-quality applications through efficient testing practices.
Why Opt for a Real Device Cloud in Mobile App Testing?
The primary rationale that comes to mind is the ability of real devices to produce authentic results, a feat emulators struggle to achieve. The ongoing debate over the efficacy of real devices versus emulators for reliable mobile app testing underscores this point. However, the advantages of utilizing a real device cloud extend beyond mere authenticity; let’s delve into them!
Leverage Unlimited Concurrency and Trim Time-to-Market
Testing is inherently time-consuming, even with automated test cases. Running tests on diverse devices with varying specifications becomes a bottleneck, especially with sequential testing. To expedite the process, conducting tests simultaneously on multiple devices is crucial. This enhances testing efficiency and ensures the delivery of stable, responsive products to customers.
Additionally, the time saved allows QA teams and developers to focus on manual tests, enhancing app UX, or addressing user feature requests. While many testing services permit tests on a limited number of devices concurrently, envisioning unlimited device concurrency can yield significant time savings.
Bitbar has developed technology enabling teams to execute tests on any number of devices, maximizing testing efforts, productivity, and the frequency of valuable app releases.
Maintain Flexibility and Tailor the Testing Environment to Your Requirements
Cloud services often pose a challenge with their one-size-fits-all approach, particularly in Software as a Service (SaaS). A flexible real device cloud ensures future adaptability and aligns with the diverse technology stacks preferred by those testing your application. This facilitates a seamless and continuous process that feels familiar to your team.
Attain Reliable Testing Results from Real Devices
The choice between testing on real devices or emulators defines the effectiveness of your mobile app testing. Emulators mimic real devices but operate on computers, lacking the authenticity of actual usage conditions. Prioritizing real devices in testing efforts is essential for reliability and efficiency. While useful during development, Emulators fall short in assessing real-world conditions such as overheating or battery life issues. Testing on real devices proves more dependable and aligns with actual user experiences.
Eliminate Concerns About Establishing and Managing an In-House Device Lab
While the prospect of an in-house (on-premise) device lab might seem plausible, the associated expenses and maintenance efforts are substantial. Setting up a reliable and efficient in-house lab is theoretically achievable but may not be the most practical solution. Opting for a cloud service that provides real devices for testing streamlines the process, saving both financial and human resources.
This approach enables modern testing practices like continuous testing without the burden of maintaining and updating devices. A real device cloud offers a hassle-free solution, allowing teams to work more efficiently and worry less about testing infrastructure.
Several key metrics can be evaluated using a real device cloud to enhance mobile application user experience and performance.
● User Interface
A compelling user experience is paramount for companies, as users may swiftly abandon a mobile app if they cannot easily find what they need. A robust user interface is essential for delivering seamless user experiences, especially when external hardware and factors are in play. Real device cloud testing is optimal for analyzing user experience under such conditions.
● Network Conditions
Fluctuations in network strength significantly impact mobile app performance. Real device cloud testing allows enterprises to implement network bandwidth throttling, enabling them to adjust bandwidth levels.
As network issues arise from hardware, software, and network reception challenges, simulators may fail to provide accurate results. Real device cloud testing ensures precise analysis of network performance.
Testing these sensors on real devices is crucial due to their complex hardware. Although QA experts often use emulators for initial sensor testing during early development stages, testing on real devices in the final stages is imperative to gather accurate insights into app performance.
● CPU Usage
Increased CPU usage can cause mobile devices to heat up, adversely affecting app performance. Metrics related to memory and GPU usage also influence CPU usage. Simulating CPU usage accurately on mobile devices is challenging for emulators. Real device cloud testing becomes indispensable for obtaining precise readings of mobile devices’ CPU usage.
Mobile applications can significantly impact the battery life of devices. App developers need to test their apps on real devices to assess and mitigate potential issues. Simulating diverse device battery drain scenarios and app behavior is a complex task even for highly developed simulators, making real device cloud testing crucial.
Best Practices for Achieving Cross-Browser Compatibility
Ensuring that your website or web application functions correctly and maintains a consistent appearance across various web browsers and their versions is crucial.
Here are some key considerations:
- Define the Browser and Device Matrix: Identify the targeted browser versions, taking into account their compatibility with different devices and platforms. Create a matrix listing all targeted browsers and their versions that your audience will likely use.
- Framework Encapsulation: Utilize a framework to encapsulate your code, offering a solid foundation for website development. Frameworks optimized for cross-browser issues and capable of creating responsive elements automatically allow developers to concentrate on functionalities while leaving cross-browser compatibility concerns to the framework.
- Use Automation Testing Tools: Employ automation testing tools like Selenium, Cypress, and TestGrid to expedite the cross-browser compatibility testing process. These tools enable simultaneous testing across various browsers without manual intervention.
- Develop a Code Validation Channel: Adhere to W3C standards for code validation. A well-validated code ensures website compatibility and minimizes the risk of issues arising from syntax errors or non-standard practices.
- Retest and Regression: Introduce a retest and regression channel to address compatibility issues promptly. When implementing changes or updates, retest the website across the defined browser and device matrix to identify and resolve potential compatibility problems early in development.
Utilizing the Real Device Cloud Configuration for Browser Compatibility Testing
LambdaTest’s Real Device Cloud offers an extensive array of real devices and browsers, ensuring thorough testing for your website or app’s compatibility across diverse platforms. LambdaTest is an AI-based test orchestration and execution platform. This platform guarantees a seamless user experience for a broad audience. LambdaTest furnishes comprehensive reports that aid in identifying and resolving any compatibility issues. Easily generate and execute test scripts without requiring in-depth coding expertise.
Due to variations in the adoption of open web standards among different web browsers, web developers are faced with the challenge of seeking a middle ground for compatibility through cross-browser testing. This approach is essential, as it is the only means by which a consistent end-user experience can be ensured across various browsers and devices.