Believe it or not, your physical appearance adds up to your personality and character. People would possibly do anything and everything to correct their appearance. Over the years, the medical industry has made plenty of transformation that has enabled people to find a solution to their disoriented facial or skin. There are instances when accidents and mishaps lead to injuries that are hard to heal and change your appearance altogether. That’s when we come to think about the basic surgical method – plastic surgery. It is a surgical method that helps in reconstructing, restoring, and altering your body parts. Over the years, it has gone through plenty of transformations that have enabled it to enter the mainstream medical industry.
Quick Details About Plastic Surgery
We know that plastic surgery is a method of treating deformities that are caused by injuries or accidents. For instance, the burns from the fire can be treated with the help of plastic surgery that will alter your skin and help reformation. There is a common misunderstanding among people that plastic surgery means artificial alteration. In reality, the world translates to the Greek word “plastic” which means to mold something or give form. It basically improves the appearance of a person by reconstructing the facial tissue. Body tissue can be caused by trauma, birth disorders, illness, injuries, etc.
It does change not only the appearance but also improves the functions of the tissue. It can be performed on any body part, except the nervous system. Plastic surgeries are two major types – reconstructive and cosmetic surgery, and there are specialties that further divide these categories.
Understanding The Plastic Surgeon
It is also essential to comprehend plastic surgery before opting for it. First, you need to look for a certified plastic surgeon who has successfully completed many cases and possess in-depth knowledge. Generally, the board-certified plastic surgeon is graduated from a reputed medical school and completed his/her five years of medical education. Apart from that, the surgeon must have completed additional practice in plastic surgery and pass the exam to finally get board certification. So, you must check with the surgeon, before entrusting him/her your life. It is better to visit a reputed hospital that can provide you with all-encompassing services.
What Are The Types of Plastic Surgery?
As mentioned earlier, plastic surgeries are of majorly two types – reconstructive and cosmetic surgery. Let’s get into the details of each surgery.
It refers to the type of surgery to store the body function to normal. It majorly helps in treating the deformities and get back the natural-looking appearance. Some people are born with cleft lip, deformed noses, abnormal hands, etc., and reconstructive helps in treating such patients. There are instances where accidents, injuries, burns can also lead to deformed body parts.
With the help of reconstructive surgery, you can reconstruct the defective body part. Another significant example of reconstructive surgery is treating the skin that has been affected by cancer. The cancer removal process often results in deforming the body parts like skin, hands, mouth, breast, etc. Reconstructive surgery restores the functions of that particular part and gives back its standard shape. During the late 18th century, reconstructive ones gained massive popularity, and it was after World War I, the surgery method was recognized globally to treat people with deformities.
Also known as aesthetic surgery, cosmetic surgery that solely focused on enhancing the aesthetic appeal of your body, or any particular body part. It simply reshapes and strengthens the areas of the body with an aim to make it appealing. Most cosmetic surgeries are used by celebrities to enhance their beauty. But over the years, cosmetic one has made a prominent place in the medical industry as well, which means medical surgeons are using this surgery method on people to make them look aesthetically appealing.
It is important to know about all the benefits and possible risks related to cosmetic surgery. It is always a personal choice, whether you want to take up the procedure or not. Aesthetic surgery can be performed on any part of the body, but commonly, it is used for breast augmentation or reduction, liposuction, eyelid, tummy tuck or abdominoplasty, bariatric, etc. Both men and women are being indulged in aesthetic surgery and reaping its benefits. Before deciding to perform the cosmetic operation, make sure to have a proper discussion with your surgeon, and understand its consequences.
Sub-specialties of Plastic Surgery
Plastic surgery is a broad category that is majorly divided into two surgeries – reconstructive and cosmetic. But, many sub-specialties are classified according to the surgical area or type of issue. Some of them are mentioned below-:
Burn Surgery: As the name suggests, this type of surgery is performed for patients who have sustained burns. It is divided into two major phases, i.e., Acute burn, which is conducted after the burn and reconstructive burn, which is done once the wounds are completely healed.
Craniofacial Surgery: Craniofacial surgery is further divided into two categories: pediatric and adult craniofacial. The pediatric craniofacial deals with congenital anomalies of craniofacial tissues like cleft lip, pediatric fractures, craniosynostosis, etc. Adult craniofacial focuses on fractures and secondary surgeries. It is one of the critical parts of plastic surgery as it involves all the major body parts that need treatment.
Hand Surgery: Hand surgeries deal with chronic diseases and acute injuries in the hand, arms, and wrists. It helps in correcting congenital deformations. Hand surgery is also practiced by orthopedic doctors as well during their medical studies. One of the best examples of this is treating the scar tissue that creates problems resulting in a lack of dexterity and mobility. When it comes to learning the intricacies of hand surgery, you would need to seek assistance from a reliable surgeon who can guide you regarding everything.
Microsurgery: This type of surgery is mainly focused on reconstructing the missing tissue. It simply transfers the tissue from the reconstruction site and blood vessels. Microsurgery is performed mainly in the cases of breast, head, neck, brachial plexus, etc.
Techniques and Procedures Used in plastic Surgery
Plastic surgery has made tremendous transformation over the generations that has paved the way for its current position in the medical industry. Over the years, the techniques and procedures of the surgeries have evolved according to the prevailing technology. Skin grafting is by far the most consistent procedure that is base for all the plastic surgeries.
In skin grafting, small skin tissue is taken and grafted into the affected area. The skin grafts can be taken from the donors or the recipients:
- Autografts: These are taken from the recipient. If the patient doesn’t have natural tissues, alternative tissues can be cultured with epithelial cells such as Integra that has silicone in it.
- Allografts: These are taken from the donors who belong to the same species.
- Xenografts: These are also taken from the donors but from a different species.
Good surgery is always the hard work and precision of a surgeon. Hence, it would be best if they decided on the type of procedure and skin grafting that would be ideal for your situation. It is important to adopt the right procedure and closing process to ensure the surgery’s proper success.
Complications, And Risks Involved in Plastic Surgery
Like any other surgical method, plastic surgery also has its set of complications and risk factors that make it essential for patients to take proper care. The complications of this surgery majorly include nerve damage, hematoma, scarring, implant failure, organ damage, infection, etc. Breast implants, in particular, involve the complications of rupture.
Other severe complications that you might have to face during or after the surgery include blood loss, pulmonary embolism, organ damage, anesthesia complications, etc. It is vital to get proper consultation from the surgeon before opting for the process. With the proper guidance from your surgeons, you can prepare yourself mentally and physically for the procedure. They will explain to you everything regarding the procedure and aftercare processes to keep you in the light. You can seek help from forums to get a clear understanding of the surgery before opting for it.
What Do You Need To Consider Before Getting A Plastic Surgery?
You cannot simply get plastic surgery in one day; it’s a proper procedure that you need to follow. There are plenty of factors that you need to keep in mind before getting the procedure. Whether it is knowing about your doctor or preparing yourself mentally, every little aspect of prepping for the surgery matter.
If you are thinking of getting plastic surgery soon, then here are a few factors that you must always consider.
Ascertain Your Overall Health
It is not only s particular part of your body that goes under the operation and faces the procedures; your entire body has to be prepared for it. The first and foremost thing that you need to understand is the overall health. It is essential to make sure whether you are perfectly fit for the surgery. Following are eligibility criteria for any plastic surgery:
- Physically healthy having a stable weight
- Realistic expectations
- Non-smokers and non-alcoholic
- Consuming a nutritious diet
Apart from these pointers, ask your surgeon, how you need to prepare for and get a better insight. It is always good to have proper knowledge regarding the method.
Read About It Lot
Before approaching a surgeon, it is important to property research about that particular surgery. For instance, if you have sustained burns, make sure you gather ample information regarding reconstructive surgery to be in a better light. If you want to perform cosmetic surgery, you can read the success stories of those who have opted for it. Check the most reputed surgeon who you can rely on. Today everything is available on the internet, so you don’t have to go anywhere else. By getting proper information from everywhere, you can remain well informed before deciding to take the surgery.
Prepare Yourself Mentally
A correct mindset is a key to successful endeavors. If you have a positive mind towards everything, everything can get pretty simpler for you. In case you have any doubts regarding the process, make sure to get it clear before appearing for the surgery. Consult your surgeons and get all your apprehensions cleared so that you appear for the surgery with a positive mindset. An optimistic outlook towards the operation significantly contributes to the procedure’s success, so it’s better to set things clear.
Another critical decision you need to make regarding the surgery’s success is to choose a reliable and qualified surgeon. There are plenty of multi-specialty hospitals that provide you with certified surgeons. The surgeon’s qualifications and credibility will determine the successful completion of the surgery, and the post-surgery care as well. Make sure to make a well-informed decision regarding choosing the right doctor. Visit the hospital website and search for the particular doctor’s accreditation and certificates to ascertain him/her integrity in the medical field. You can also seek reviews from your friends and family who have taken up the surgeon’s services.
Apart from preparing for the surgery, it is essential to understand the recovery as well. A majority of patients think that the results of plastic surgery, especially the cosmetic one is immediate, but in reality, it takes a few days to actually witness the results. You better ask your doctor regarding the recovery period to remain stress-free regarding the results. Ask as many questions as you want from your doctor to get your doubts cleared.
Plastic surgery has created radical transformations in the medical industry. This method has helped millions over the generations by reconstructing the defective body part or enhancing its aesthetic appeal. There are constant developments in the plastic surgery field, and researchers are continuously searching for innovations that can be the next breakthrough.
The above mentioned were some of the important details that you need to know about plastic surgery before opting for one.