Gestation diabetes refers to the condition of high blood sugar developing in women during pregnancy, which typically, disappears after childbirth. The ailment can happen at any time during the pregnancy but is more common in the second half. The reason for gestational diabetes is lack of adequate insulin production by the body that is required to keep the blood sugar level in check. Both mother and child can face problems due to gestation diabetes during the pregnancy and even after birth; however, if the detection is done in time, it is possible to manage the risks well.
Heed the Advice of Your Doctor
If you have gestational diabetes, it is very important that you consult your doctor and follow her advice as proper management of the condition to keep the blood sugar level normal is vital for you and your child. If your doctor advises, you may need to monitor your blood sugar level regularly at home.If the changes in your lifestyle do not lower the blood sugar level, your doctor may prescribe medicines or even insulin injections. While both metformin and insulin are safe for the baby, you can discuss the risks of gestational diabetes with your doctor. Apart from increasing the chances of miscarriage, stillbirth or the baby becoming too large and causing complications in delivery, gestational diabetes exposes you more to the risk of high blood pressure and increases the chance of both you and your baby to develop type-2 diabetes later on.
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Adopt a Healthy Diet
It is very important to adopt a healthy diet during pregnancy and more so if you have gestational diabetes. Rather than having three large meals;you should have smaller portions but at more frequent intervals. Ensure you include carbs in every meal but limit your fat and sugar intake so that you can manage your weight better. Try to have lean meat and fish and foods that are rich in fiber.
Exercise Regularly and Adequately
It is very important for you to be physically fit so that you can avoid complications during your pregnancy. Indulge in physical activity that is of moderate intensity such as brisk walking. Try to exercise at least five days of the week for a total of at least two-and-a-half hours. You may take up more vigorous forms of exercise but do ask your doctor first.
Even though gestational diabetes usually disappears after giving birth, you should still get your blood sugar tested 6-12 weeks after the delivery, and thereafter, annually especially if you are planning another child or otherwise feeling unwell. Doctors recommend that you continue to breastfeed for at least six months as it is good for both the baby and you for weight regulation and general health.